I. Manuscript submission

  • All manuscripts must be submitted online via the online submission system at ctujs.ctu.edu.vn.

  • First-time users: Please click the register button on the Journal home page (ctujs.ctu.edu.vn). Enter the requested information to complete your registration. Upon successful registration, an e-mail containing the user name and password will be sent to author.

  • Authors: Please log in to the site using the CTU Staff Code (for CTU staff only) or email and password previously provided, before submit your manuscript. Following the submission, you will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through system.

  • Manuscripts should not have been published or considered for publication elsewhere.

  • Revisions of the manuscript may be required by the editors for technical merit or quality of scientific content before further steps of peer review.

II. Manuscript preparation

  • The authors are encouraged to use manuscript template for preparing their manuscript files (Download template).

  • Manuscript should not exceed 15 pages. All pages should be numbered consecutively.

  • Manuscripts should include the following sections: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments (if any), and References. None of footnotes or appendices is required.

  • Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions are numbered, in contrast, Abstract, Acknowledgments (if any), and References are not numbered.

  • The main text’s headings and subheadings should be numbered and formatted as follows:

Level 1 is in uppercase and bold

1. INTRODUCTION

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

Level 2 is in lowercase, bold with first letter capitalized

2.1. The shallots and the pathogen isolate

2.2. In vitro tests for direct antifungal activity of plant extracts against F. oxysporum

Level 3 is in lowercase, italicized with first letter capitalized

2.4.1. Preparation of the ligand file of the synthesized compounds

2.4.2. Docking of the ligand PDBQT in the receptor PDBQT file

 

III. Specific requirements

1. Title

  • The title should be specific, concise and informative.

  • The title should clearly describe the content of the paper in the fewest possible words; 10 to 12 words are enough.

  • Avoid abbreviations and formulas.

  • Capitalize the first word of the title, proper nouns, words after hyphen or colon.

Example:

Effect of levamisole on parameters of immune response and bacterial resistance of striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus)

2. Authors and Affiliations

  • Write each author’s full name, do not include author’s degrees.

  • Use superscript (numbered consecutively) after each author’s name to indicate the author’s affiliation.

  • Mark (*) to indicate the corresponding author.

Example:

To Nguyen Phuoc Mai1, Ly Van Khanh2*, Bui Lan Anh3 and Tran Thanh Truc1

1 College of Agriculture, Can Tho University, Vietnam

2 Mekong Delta Development Research Institute , Can Tho University

3 College of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Can Tho University

*Correspondence: Ly Van Khanh (email: lvkhanh@ctu.edu.vn)

3. Abstract

  • Should be no more than 200 words in length.

  • Should briefly state the purpose of the research, methods used, primary results, and major conclusions.

  • Should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

  • If abbreviations are essential (three times at least), they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract.

Example: Introduction/Objective(s), Method(s), Result(s), Conclusion(s)

Experimental evidence suggests that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) can be transmitted horizontally through water, via carrier organisms and/or by cannibalism of infected shrimp, but also vertically through infected brood stock. However, the mode(s) of WSSV transmission in shrimp farming systems and the epidemiological consequences are not well understood. In this study, molecular markers have been used to analyse the spread of WSSV within and between farms in Viet Nam for two different farming systems: improved-extensive and semi-intensive. Samples were periodically obtained from twenty improved-extensive shrimp ponds and twenty-three semi-intensive shrimp ponds applying different sampling schemes. PCR-genotyping was employed using three WSSV molecular marker loci: the variable tandem repeat regions (VNTR) in ORF75, ORF94 and ORF125 (GenBank AF369029). An analysis on the combined results of all three VNTR marker loci made it possible to follow transmission pathways of WSSV in the respective shrimp farming systems. The transmission of WSSV infection on improved extensive shrimp farms appeared mainly due to the recycling of WSSV over time in the same pond, whereas in semi-intensive shrimp farms transmission of WSSV was mainly from neighbouring ponds. These findings provide important information for field applications by suggesting pathway-specific control strategies.

4. Keywords

  • Provide 4 to 6 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes immediately after the abstract.

  • Avoid general, plural terms and multiple concepts (e.g., and, of).

  • Be italicized, arranged in alphabetical order, and separated by commas.

Example:

Keywords: catfish farming, clarias, hybrid catfish, inter-specific hybridization

5. Introduction

  • Provide background to support the motivation of the research.

  • Briefly review the literature, summarize current knowledge, and identify the knowledge gaps to be addressed by the current study.

  • Avoid a detailed literature survey or summary of previous results.

  • Provide clear research questions and objectives of the study.

6. Material and methods

  • Describe the materials and methods used to generate all the results reported in the manuscript in detail.

  • Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher.

  • Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference.

  • Any modifications to existing methods should be described.

7. Results and discussion

  • Provide clear and concise descriptions of all findings without extrapolating the results reported.

  • Do not describe methods for the first time in the “Results and discussion” section.

  • Results should be presented in a logical order.

  • Report results of all analyses and experiments that are described in the manuscript.

  • Do not duplicate data among figures, tables, and text.

  • Provide a review of the relevant literature and other information needed to put the study findings into context.

  • Provide a complete and balanced view of previous research, including findings that are inconsistent with the hypotheses, results, or conclusions of the present study.

  • Provide a straightforward discussion of the study limitations.

  • Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

8. Conclusion

  • State the meaning of the study, implications drawn from the study, propose orientation for the next research.

  • Do not repeat research results.

9. Acknowledgment

  • Acknowledge the funding organizations or anyone who provided intellectual assistance, technical help, or special equipment/materials.

  • The names of funding organizations or individuals should be written in full.

10. Abbreviation

  • Use abbreviation at least three times in the text, and abbreviation must be defined at its first appearance.

  • Define an abbreviation the first time it is used and then use the abbreviation thereafter, not with spelled out form.

11. Figures and tables

  • Table or figure presented must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and described by its legend to be understood. It is numbered consecutively, starting with Fig. 1 or Table 1.

  • The legends go above the body of the table; Figure legends go below the graph.

  • Table is divided into 7 maximum number of data columns.

Table 1: Chlorophyll-a concentration (µg/L) in different treatments

Values in the same column with the same letters are not significant difference (p>0.05)

 

Figure 5. A calibration curve showing detection limit and the region of Nernstian response of Ca2+–selective electrode

12. Nomenclature and units

Follow the international system of units (SI):

  • Length, area, volume: mm, cm, m, km, mm2, cm2, m3, µL, mL, L

  • Weight: g, kg, ng, µg, mg, kg, t, Da, kDa

  • Concentration: nM, µM, mM, M, %, µg/L, mg/L, g/L

  • Measurement: space bar is required after number e.g. 5 L, 5 kg, 5 ppm, except for percentage (%) and temperature (°), e.g. 5%, 20°C, 100°F.

  • Number decimal rules: allow accuracy of 1%, for examples:

    • 100 g, 645 g, 467 g (greater than or equal to 100).

    • 99.1 mg, 10.1 mL, 25.5 L (greater than or equal to 10).

    • 9.96 mL, 1.12 m3, 1.01 m2 (greater than or equal to 1).

    • 0.99, 0.67, 0.013, 0.0052 (less than 1)

13. Nomenclature

  • All biota (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, fish, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals, e.g., Cyprinus carpio for the first mentioned, later it can be written as C. carpio from the second time.

14. Math formula

  • Submit math equations as editable text and not as images.

  • Present simple formula in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. Authors are encouraged to use Math formulae made by MS. Word function (Insert/Equation) or MathType.

15. In-text citation

Follow APA (American Psychological Association) format. The author's last name and the year of publication for the source appear in the text.

 

 

Parenthetical citation

Narrative citation

One author

(Harris, 2014)

Harris (2014)

Two authors

(Leitch & Rushton, 2019)

Leitch and Rushton (2019)

Three authors and above

(Aron et al., 2019)

Aron et al. (2019)

Group author with abbreviation

*First citation:

(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO], 1977)

*Subsequent citations:

(FAO, 1977)

*First citation:

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO, 1977)

*Subsequent citations:

FAO (1977)

Group author without abbreviation

(United States Government Accountability Office, 2019)

United States Government Accountability Office (2019)

Multiple works

(Malory, 2017; Neuburger, 2018; Aron, 2019; Belcher, 2019; Leitch & Rushton, 2019)

*Chronological order

Malory (2017), Neuburger (2018), Aron (2019), Belcher (2019), and Leitch and Rushton (2019)

*Chronological order

Multiple works, same author

(Chen et al., 2011, 2014)

Chen et al. (2011, 2014)

Same author, Same year of publication

(Bartolini, 2000a, 2000b)

Bartolini (2000a, 2000b)

Secondary source

(Garrison, 2011, as cited in Kattoua et al., 2016)

*In references, list Kattoua et al. (2016)

Garrison (2011, as cited in Kattoua et al., 2016)

 

Direct quotation

Place quotation marks around the direct quote, include page number.

(For direct quotations of more than 40 words, display the quote as an indented block of text without quotation marks)

It is stated that “the plurality of personal constitutions is important: some person’ constitutions will allow them to live some ways of life from the inside, but not others” (Brighouse, 2006, p. 17).

It can be explained that:

Rational reflection takes place within a given social context. Certainly they subject both their own personal traits and the relationships within their situation to rational scrutiny. Rational reflection can help us to detect inconsistencies and fallacious argumentation, and to uncover misuse of evidence. It helps us to see whether a choice coheres with our given judgement, including our judgements about what kind of person we ought to be. It also helps us to evaluate the ways we are attached to other people, and to carry out our altruistic obligations and goals more effectively. (Brighouse, 2006, p. 20)

Brighouse (2006) said that “the plurality of personal constitutions is important: some person’ constitutions will allow them to live some ways of life from the inside, but not others” (p. 17).

Brighouse et al. (2006) suggested:

Rational reflection takes place within a given social context. Certainly they subject both their own personal traits and the relationships within their situation to rational scrutiny. Rational reflection can help us to detect inconsistencies and fallacious argumentation, and to uncover misuse of evidence. It helps us to see whether a choice coheres with our given judgement, including our judgements about what kind of person we ought to be. It also helps us to evaluate the ways we are attached to other people, and to carry out our altruistic obligations and goals more effectively. (p. 20)

 

16. Reference list

  • The reference list includes only the sources cited in the paper.

  • Don't use footnotes in the footnote as a substitute for a list of references.

  • Follow APA format for reference list.

  • All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.

  • Authors’ last names are provided first, authors’ first and middle names are written as initials.

  • Separate last name and initial with a comma, separate each author with a comma. Use an ampersand (&) before the last author.

  • Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

  • For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

  • For multiple articles by the same author and year of publication, the entries should be alphabetized by the title of the paper, at the same time, add a letter (a, b, c, etc.) right after the year of publication.

Types of sources

APA reference style

Book

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (edition). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Denham, S. A. (1998). Emotional development in young children. Guilford Press.

Rabinowitz, F. E. (2019). Deepening group psychotherapy with men: Stories and insights for the journey. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000132-000

Belcher, W. (2019). Writing your journal article in twelve weeks: A guide to academic publishing success (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press.

Edited book, no author

Editor, E. E. (Ed.). (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher. DOI (if available)

Leitch, M. G., & Rushton, C. J. (Eds.). (2019). A new companion to Malory. D. S. Brewer.

Edited book with author

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (E. Editor, Ed.). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Malory, T. (2017). Le morte d'Arthur (P. J. C. Field, Ed.). D. S. Brewer.

Translation

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (T. Translator, Trans.). Publisher. (Original work published YEAR) DOI (if available)

Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.). Vintage Books. (Original work published 1977).

*In-text citation: (Foucault, 1977/1995)

Chapter in edited book

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI (if available)

Armstrong, D. (2019). Malory and character. In M. G. Leitch & C. J. Rushton (Eds.), A new companion to Malory (pp. 144-163). D. S. Brewer.

Aron, L., Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). Culinary arts: Talent and their development. In R. F. Subotnik, P. Olszewski-Kubilius, & F. C. Worrell (Eds.), The psychology of high performance: Developing human potential into domain-specific talent (pp. 345–359). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000120-016

Paper published in journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), page range. DOI (if available)

Flórez, M., Carbonell, M. V., & Martínez, E. (2007). Exposure of maize seeds to stationary magnetic fields: Effects on germination and early growth. Environmental and experimental botany, 59(1), 68-75.

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House”. PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193972

Paper published in conference proceedings as book chapter

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of paper. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of proceedings (page range). Publisher. DOI or URL (if available)

Morgan, R., Meldrum, K., Bryan, S., Mathiesen, B., Yakob, N., Esa, N., & Ziden, A. A. (2017). Embedding digital literacies in curricula: Australian and Malaysian experiences. In G. B. Teh & S. C. Choy (Eds.), Empowering 21st century learners through holistic and enterprising learning: Selected papers from Tunku Abdul Rahman University College International Conference 2016 (pp. 11-19). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4241-6_2

Paper published in conference proceedings as a journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of paper. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. Publisher. DOI or URL (if available)

Chaudhuri, S., & Biswas, A. (2017). External terms-of-trade and labor market imperfections in developing countries: Theory and evidence. The Academy of Economics and Economic Education, 20(1), 11-16. https://search-proquest-com.elibrary.jcu.edu.au/docview/1928612180?accountid=16285

Conference presentation

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, month day). Title of Contribution [Type of contribution]. Conference Name, Location. DOI or URL (if available)

Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. https://convention.apa.org/2019-video

Cacioppo, S. (2019, April 25–28). Evolutionary theory of social connections: Past, present, and future [Conference presentation abstract]. Ninety-ninth annual convention of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA, United States. https://westernpsych.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/WPA-Program-2019-Final-2.pdf

McDonald, E., Manessis, R., & Blanksby, T. (2019, July 7–10). Peer mentoring in nursing - improving retention, enhancing education [Poster presentation]. STARS 2019 Conference, Melbourne, Australia. https://unistars.org/papers/STARS2019/P30-POSTER.pdf

Document by a government agency or other organization

Government Department (Year). Document title (Publication No). URL

Organization Name. (Year). Title of report. URL

US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). http://www.nhlbi .nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/asth_sch.pdf

United States Government Accountability Office. (2019). Performance and accountability report: Fiscal year 2019. https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/702715.pdf

Dissertation or Thesis

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis (doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Name of Institution.

Harris, L. (2014). Instructional leadership perceptions and practices of elementary school leaders (doctoral dissertation). University of Virginia.

Tain, F. H. (1999). Impacts of aquaculture extension on small-scale Oreochromis niloticus production in northeastern Thailand (master’s thesis). University of Michigan.

Website

Author, A. A. (Year, month day). Title. URL

Neuburger, H. (2018, April 10). How innovative companies are leading the way regarding company culture. EU Startup. https://www.eu-startups.com/2018/04/how-innovative-companies-are-leading-the-way-regarding-company-culture